Saturday, January 14, 2017

Does Curcumin Work: The Business of Science vs Curcumin

Does Curcumin Work: The Business of Science vs Curcumin

does curcumin work
University scientists can’t stand supplements. They’re messy and natural and not controlled by universities. This week a review paper was published by pharmaceutical chemists claiming that the supplement Curcumin doesn’t work. This is despite a good deal of recent research showing that Curcumin seems to work well clinically. So with conflicting information, does Curcumin work?

What Is Curcumin?

To understand what Curcumin is, you first have to know a little about the Asian root plant tumeric. Native to India, turmeric contains curcuminoids, a variety of compounds, one of which is Curcumin.  For thousands of years tumeric has been used in Asia for purposes such as dyes, medicines, and as a spice in Indian cooking. Curcumin is extracted from the rhizomes of tumeric, and its signature is the bright-yellow color of its powder. Today, Curcumin is found in a dietary supplement form and is even used in cosmetics.
For centuries traditional Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine has used curcumin for its anti-inflammatory properties. As a supplement, Curcumin is also known for its anti-inflammatory properties and is often taken to help relieve arthritis. In order to aid in absorption, Curcumin as a supplement is usually taken with a pepper extract, or bioperrine. In addition to its anti-inflammatory properties, Curcumin has very powerful anti-oxidant properties..

Does Curcumin Work Based on Cell-Based and Clinical Research?

There are two types of research that are important to discuss here. One is research that shows how Curcumin impacts real cells, and the other is clinical. Why? While we’ll get into the new research that questions the efficacy of Curcumin later, for now it’s important to understand that the paper focused only on how Curcumin impacted proteins in a test tube. So if Curcumin has been shown to have positive effects of real human cells or on real human patients, then the new paper isn’t important.
So does Curcumin work when impacting real human cells? In the lab, Curcumin has been tested on both tendon and cartilage cells. In both cases, it was shown to reduce the inflammation in those cells. Curcumin can turn around the toxic brew of chemicals which results in the destruction of arthritic joints, allowing repair cells to move back in and do their job. In addition, curcumin can stimulate mesenchymal stem cells to help with the production of cartilage.
Curcumin can also help troubled cells survive. When there is chronic stress in the body, such as arthritis, or even weight gain or other effects of aging, apoptosis can occur. Apoptosis is when the cells of the body tend to wear out faster due to some type of stress. For example, as you age, the toxic chemical IL-1-beta can accumulate in your joints. This can cause apoptosis, or cell death; however, Curcumin has been found to be protective against these changes.
Does Curcumin work in other clinical research? Curcumin supplementation has also been shown to alleviate bone loss due to oxidative stress, and in addition to it’s powerful toolset in treating joints, curcumin has also been shown to help with a leaky gut by reducing the harmful chemicals that leak through the intestines and into the bloodstream.
Another study found curcumin reduced inflammatory markers as effectively as ibuprofen, and another study took this a step further, showing that curcumin reduced markers of oxidative stress by 200-400%.The clinical research on the use of Curcumin in knee arthritis gets even more interesting. A recent review of the eight biggest randomized controlled trials demonstrated that there was mounting evidence that Curcumin works to help pain and improve function. While more research can always be performed, this is pretty impressive.

How About the New Study?

The new research focuses on how Curcumin behaves in a test tube and how it impacts important proteins. It’s a review of lots of research that seems to show that Curcumin and the chemicals in it can cause key proteins to do good things. The researchers believe that Curcumin is highly unstable and doesn’t really react with these key proteins. They also conclude somehow that the clinical trials for Curcumin have never shown any efficacy. Huh? How about the above eight randomized controlled trials? Looks like these scientists are on a Curcumin witch hunt?
The upshot? Does Curcumin work? Pharma scientists don’t like supplements. This study claiming Curcumin doesn’t work was covered by quite a few websites. However, as you can see, it seems to have an agenda. While these scientists think Curcumin doesn’t react the way they would like to see it in the test tubes, how then can it impact real human cells through objective research? How then can Curcumin the supplement be showing efficacy in the eight clinical trials that have been performed? The moral to this story? Be careful about what you read!

Thursday, January 12, 2017

YOU are SPECIAL !! Yes, You Can Die From a ‘Broken Heart,’ and Optimism Makes You Live Longer

Yes, You Can Die From a ‘Broken Heart,’ and Optimism Makes You Live Longer

January 12, 2017 |
By Dr. Mercola
On December 27, 2016, actress Carrie Fisher, aged 60, died from a heart attack. The very next day, her mother, actress Debbie Reynolds died from a stroke. In the wake of the loss of these two popular Hollywood icons, many have asked whether you can actually die from a broken heart.1,2,3
The short answer to that question is yes. Broken heart syndrome (formally known as stress cardiomyopathy or takotsubo cardiomyopathy) is a real medical condition, triggered by acute, major stress or shock — such as the death of a loved one.
Indeed, your heart and mind are closely interlinked, and your mental states can have a distinct influence on your heart health and overall longevity.

Symptoms and Risks of Broken Heart Syndrome

Symptoms of broken heart syndrome are very similar to those of a heart attack, including chest pain and shortness of breath. The difference is there's no actual damage to the heart to trigger it. Extreme shock or stress may also trigger a hemorrhagic stroke by causing a dramatic rise or change in blood pressure.
According to the British Heart Foundation (BHF), broken heart syndrome is a "temporary condition where your heart muscle becomes suddenly weakened or stunned." The left ventricle, your heart's largest chamber, also changes shape, which adds to the temporary dysfunction.
This sudden weakness of the heart is thought to be due to the sudden release of large quantities of adrenaline and other stress hormones.
Adrenaline increases your blood pressure and heart rate, and it's been suggested it may lead to narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to your heart, or even bind directly to heart cells allowing large amounts of calcium to enter and render the cells temporarily unable to function properly.
While most will successfully recover, in some, the change of shape of the left ventricle can trigger a fatal heart attack. An estimated 90 percent of broken heart syndrome occurs in women.
Having a history of neurological problems, such as seizure disorders, and/or a history of mental health problems is thought to raise your risk.4 While the condition can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention, it's usually a temporary condition that leaves no permanent damage.

The Bereavement Effect

A number of studies have shown that the loss of a loved one raises your own risk of sudden death, also known as the "bereavement effect." There's even evidence showing that spousal illness increases the partner's mortality risk.
A 2006 study5 published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) found that the risk of death increased after hospitalization of a partner, with some ailments causing a more pronounced effect than others.
For example, while a woman being hospitalized for colon cancer was not associated with an increased risk of death for her husband, being hospitalized for a stroke raised the husbands' risk of death by 6 percent.
Hospitalization for congestive heart failure raised the husbands' risk of death by 12 percent, and hip fracture or other serious fracture raised it by 15 percent.
The greatest risk of death following the hospitalization of a spouse was for psychiatric disease, which raised it by 19 percent, and dementia, which raised the spouse's risk of death by 22 percent.
A 2011 study6 found that, following a partner's death, the odds of the surviving partner dying remained elevated for six months (the widowhood effect), independent of their age and gender.
A 2012 study7 found that losing a significant person in your life raises your risk of having a heart attack the next day by 21 times, and in the following week by six times. The risk of heart attacks began to decline after about a month had passed, perhaps as levels of stress hormones begin to level out.
A fourth study, published in 2014, found that the death of a spouse may double your risk for a heart attack or stroke in the following month.8

The Links Between Cardiac Health and Mental Health

There are compelling links between cardiac health and mental health. For example, having untreated depression or anxiety disorder increases your odds of having a heart attack or developing heart disease. Stress hormones are again a primary culprit.
Other studies demonstrating a link between your psychological states and heart health include:
A 2011 study, which found that those who reported higher levels of satisfaction in areas like career, sex life and family had a reduced risk for heart disease.9
The following year, Harvard researchers reviewed more than 200 studies on this topic, again concluding that people who are more optimistic and satisfied with life have a reduced risk of heart disease and stroke.10
Pessimism was linked to a 19 percent higher risk of dying over a 30-year period in another study.11
After examining the associations between optimism and heart health in more than 5,100 adults of various ethnic groups for 11 years, researchers concluded that people who display a more optimistic can-do attitude in life experience significantly better cardiovascular health over the long term.
Those who were the most optimistic were up to 76 percent more likely to have a total health score in the ideal range.12,13
According to Julia Boehm, research fellow in the Department of Society, Human Development and Health and author of one of the most recent studies looking at optimism and cardiovascular disease (CVD):14
"The absence of the negative is not the same thing as the presence of the positive. We found that factors such as optimism, life satisfaction and happiness are associated with reduced risk of CVD regardless of such factors as a person's age, socioeconomic status, smoking status or body weight."
Co-author Eric Kim added:
"While most medical and public health efforts today focus on reducing risk factors for diseases, evidence has been mounting that enhancing psychological resilience may also make a difference.
Our new findings suggest that we should make efforts to boost optimism, which has been shown to be associated with healthier behaviors and healthier ways of coping with life challenges."

Your Mind Influences Your Health in Many Ways

Your heart is not the only organ or body system that is influenced by your mental outlook. Medical News Today15 lists a number of examples where studies have shown a link between your psychology and your health, to which I've added a couple more:
Sudden death
Research shows that during the first week after the death of a spouse, mortality skyrockets to double the normal rate.
Heart and cardiovascular disease, stroke and heart attacks
Letting your anger out explosively may be harmful because it triggers surges in stress hormones and injures blood vessel linings.
One study16 found that people over the age of 50 who express their anger by lashing out are more likely to have calcium deposits in their coronary arteries — an indication that you're at a high risk for a heart attack — than their mellower peers.
A systematic review17 involving data on 5,000 heart attacks, 800 strokes and 300 cases of arrhythmia also revealed that anger increases your risk of heart attack, arrhythmia and stroke — and the risk increases with frequent anger episodes.
Gastrointestinal (GI) problems
Sustained or chronic stress has been linked to a number of GI problems, including inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome. It's becoming increasingly clear that your brain, your immune system and your gut microbes are intricately linked.
Autism, for instance, is associated with gastrointestinal problems and potentially an over-reaction in the immune system.
Your outlook has an effect on your ability to recover from cancer. The quality and quantity of psychological support also makes a difference in survival rates.
Heightened stress and dwindling support from family and friends has been shown to accelerate the progression of HIV infection.
Skin complaints like psoriasis and eczema have psychological underpinnings. Ditto for asthma. All tend to worsen when stress is elevated.
Wound healing
The psychological state of a patient has been shown to affect the rate of healing.
As noted in the featured article: "For instance, increased levels of fear or distress before surgery have been associated with worse outcomes, including longer stays in the hospital, more postoperative complications and higher rates of re-hospitalization.
In one study on patients with chronic lower leg wounds, those who reported the highest levels of depression and anxiety showed significantly delayed healing."
Stress-relieving strategies such as meditation have been shown to promote antiviral gene activity and reduce inflammatory gene expression.

Optimism Promotes Longevity

Indeed, having a positive outlook on life has been shown to be THE most influential factor in longevity studies. Interestingly, healthy behaviors cannot fully account for impact optimism has on mortality. Some researchers believe optimism has a direct effect on biological systems.
Indeed, while conventional medicine is still reluctant to admit that your emotional state has a major impact on your overall health and longevity, a 2013 article in Scientific American18 discusses a number of interesting advancements in the emerging field of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI).
Researchers have found that your brain and immune system are actually wired together. Connections between your nervous system and immune-related organs such as your thymus and bone marrow allow for crosstalk between the two systems. Your immune cells also have receptors for neurotransmitters, which suggests they can be more or less directly influenced by them.

Stress Alters Your Immune Function and Genetic Expression

For example, stress has been shown to reduce activity of virus-fighting immune cells. Stress also increases levels of antibodies for common viruses such as Epstein-Barr, suggesting that stress can reactivate otherwise latent viruses in your body. Ruminating on a stressful incident has also been shown to increase your levels of C-reactive protein (a marker of inflammation).19 Research has also shown that different types of stress alter different parts of your immune system.20
  • Brief stress, such as making a speech or taking a test, tends to suppress cellular immunity (acquired immunity mediated by antigen-specific T cell lymphocytes involved in resistance to infectious diseases) while preserving humoral immunity (which refers to antibody production and accompanying processes). As a result, you may find yourself more vulnerable to the common cold or flu.
  • Chronic stress, such as caring for a partner or parent with dementia, suppresses both components of the immune system, making you more susceptible not just to infectious diseases, but all disease.
Your mental states even have genetic repercussions. In one study,21 chronic loneliness was associated with the up- and down-regulation of specific genes. Genes involved in the regulation of inflammatory response were upregulated, while genes involved with anti-viral control were downregulated. The end result was decreased immune function. In socially active people, the reverse was true.

Secrets of Happy People

Being able to manifest positive emotions and happiness is perhaps one of the greatest gifts you have been given as a human being. But to some extent, being happy is a choice you need to make, much like choosing to exercise or eat right. Happiness comes from within — it's not meted out by circumstance alone. This is why, if you truly want to be happy, you need to work on yourself first.
Interestingly, self-acceptance appears to be one of the most important factors that can produce a more consistent sense of happiness. In a survey22 of 5,000 people by the charity Action for Happiness, people were asked to rate themselves between 1 and 10 on 10 habits that are scientifically linked to happiness.
While all 10 habits were strongly linked to overall life satisfaction, "acceptance" was the strongest predictor. In all, the survey resulted in the following list of 10 Keys to Happier Living, which together spell out the acronym GREAT DREAM:
Giving: Do things for others
Relating: Connect with people
Exercising: Take care of your body
Appreciating: Notice the world around you
Trying out: Keep learning new things
Direction: Have goals to look forward to
Resilience: Find ways to bounce back
Emotion: Take a positive approach
Acceptance: Be comfortable with who you are
Meaning: Be part of something bigger

Improve Your Positivity Ratio

According to Barbara Fredrickson, Ph.D., a psychologist and positive-emotions researcher, most Americans have two positive experiences for every negative one. Sounds good, right? Alas, this 2-to-1 positivity ratio is only enough for you to barely get by. In order to flourish emotionally, Fredrickson's research23 shows you need a 3-to-1 ratio. That is, you need to have three positive emotions for every one negative emotion.
Only 20 percent of Americans achieve this critical ratio, which means 80 percent do not. Even worse, more recent research suggests nearly 25 percent of people experience no life enjoyment at all, and death rates in this group of people were also the highest, compared to those who reported higher levels of sustained life enjoyment.24 (Other recent research also confirms that having a positive outlook on life in middle age corresponds with longer lifespans.25)
According to Fredrickson, experiencing positive emotions also increases intuition and creativity while broadening your mindset. A broadened mindset, in turn, helps you build important personal resources like social connections, coping strategies and environmental knowledge that will help you thrive.
In 2013, graduate student Nick Brown and colleagues published a critical response26 to Fredrickson's paper, claiming the mathematical claims were flawed and the positivity ration of 3-to-1 is "entirely unfounded." While the American Psychologist formally retracted the mathematical modeling elements of the paper, Fredrickson stands by her findings. In a rebuttal, she notes:27
"Even when scrubbed of Losada's now-questioned mathematical modeling, ample evidence continues to support the conclusion that, within bounds, higher positivity ratios are predictive of flourishing mental health and other beneficial outcomes … Science, at its best, self-corrects.
We may now be witnessing such self-correction in action as mathematically precise statements about positivity ratios give way to heuristic statements such as 'higher is better, within bounds.' While this new statement is perhaps less dramatic, it remains just as useful."

Don't Try to Avoid Negative Experiences — Focus on Creating Positive Ones

In order to be happier you might think the first step would be to eliminate negative experiences in your life, but often these are beyond your control. Instead, focus on increasing your positive experiences. This is something that virtually everyone can do. Even ordinary moments can be a source of great pleasure.
For instance, if you have an hour free, do you spend it doing something fun? Or do you spend it catching up on housework, tackling an extra work project, or otherwise working? The latter is a "minor form of insanity," according to happiness researcher Robert Biswas-Diener, Ph.D.28
To break free of this trap, make a point to schedule your weeks around events (or ordinary activities) that make you feel truly happy and alive. For tips by "regular people" who report high levels of life enjoyment, see this article in The Guardian.29

Saturday, January 7, 2017

BEWARE Farm Raised Fish

US Seafood Consumption Is Up, but Many Are Still Making Unhealthy Purchasing Choices

January 07, 2017 


By Dr. Mercola
According to the latest report1 by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Americans increased their seafood consumption by nearly 1 pound per person in 2015, to an average of 15.5 pounds per year, or just over 4.75 ounces per week.
That’s the largest increase in seafood consumption in two decades. While this is good news, we still fall short of dietary recommendations, which call for 8 ounces of seafood per week.
Shrimp, salmon and tuna top the most-consumed list of seafood. Unfortunately, both shrimp and tuna have serious drawbacks.
On the upside, salmon, as long as it’s wild caught in Alaska is a great choice, and one-third of the increase was in fact attributed to people buying more canned Alaskan salmon. As reported by NPR:2
“That increase may stem from The Emergency Food Assistance Program at the USDA, which purchased more than $40 million in surplus canned Alaskan salmon in 2014 and 2015 and distributed it to food banks across the country.”

Eat More Seafood, but Be Mindful of Your Choices

As noted by NPR, warnings about sustainability and toxicity led many Americans to shy away from seafood over the past couple of decades. Indeed, it can be tricky to gain clarity about what’s healthy and what’s not. There are plenty of pitfalls and hazards these days.
Cold-water fatty fish is a great source of vitally important fats — both saturated and omega-3s — but the benefits of eating fish can easily be negated by selecting varieties that tend to be highly contaminated with mercury. Surprisingly, farmed fish have been shown to be even more toxic than wild fish.
There’s also the issue of food fraud. So how do you make sense of it all? I’ll do my best to break it down for you in this article.

The Case Against Shrimp

As noted in Larry Olmsted’s book, “Real Food/Fake Food,” the seafood industry struggles with quite a few problems. A majority of his book focuses on food fraud, but he also covers a number of other issues, including environmental sustainability.
Most shrimp sold in the U.S. are raised in shrimp farms in Southeast Asia. Mangroves — which are nature’s filtration system and defense against tsunamis — are cut down to house these farms. Toxic waste and chemicals from these farms also flow into waterways and destroy the ecosystem.
In addition to that, there’s well-documented use of slave labor in the shrimp farming industry. As noted by Olmsted, “It’s kind of a triple whammy. Bad for us, bad for the world, bad for the people involved — and the shrimp frankly doesn’t taste very good.”
In 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had a record number of import refusals for shrimp. This is when shrimp is tested and found to contain unacceptable contaminants, such as banned antibiotics or elevated levels of toxins.
Some of the antibiotics used in shrimp farming are not allowed in American food production because they’re carcinogenic. Olmsted recommends avoiding shrimp in restaurants unless you’re absolutely convinced the shrimp were caught in the Gulf of Mexico.
However, there’s still the challenge of potential contamination from the oil spill and subsequent use of corexit, a chemical that is more toxic than the oil itself. It’s unclear how seafood in the Gulf of Mexico has been affected by that environmental catastrophe.

The Case Against Tuna and Sushi

Sushi is another seafood niche rife with fraud. Tuna — whether you buy it as sushi, tuna steaks or canned tuna — has the added disadvantage of being high in mercury and other contaminants.
Research3 published in 2010, which quantified the contributions to total mercury in the U.S. seafood supply by 51 different varieties of fish and shellfish, found tuna was responsible for more than one-third of Americans’ total exposure to methylmercury.4
If you eat tuna, you need to be aware of this, and take proactive measures — such as taking a handful of chlorella tablets with your meal — to counteract it.

Why Farmed Fish Are Best Avoided

At first glance, farmed fish may seem like a good idea to help protect wild seafood populations from overfishing. In reality, the industry is plagued with many of the same problems surrounding land-based concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs), including pollution, disease, toxicity and inferior nutritional quality.
Many farmed fish are fed genetically engineered (GE) corn and soy, which is a completely unnatural diet for marine life. Others are fed fishmeal, which is known to accumulate industrial chemicals like PCBs and dioxins.
According to toxicology researcher Jerome Ruzzin, farmed salmon is one of the most toxic foods on the market — five times more toxic than any other food product tested.
Farmed fish waste also promotes algal growth that harms the water’s oxygen content, posing risks to coral reefs and other aquatic life. Concentrated antibiotics, pesticides and other chemicals are also commonly used to fight diseases and parasites common to fish farms.

Summary of Seafood to Avoid

To summarize, seafood that is best limited or avoided altogether include:
Shrimp, unless you can verify it was caught in the Gulf of Mexico and is clear of contamination
Tuna (all kinds)
Farmed fish (all kinds)
Any fish high in mercury. Canned tuna, mackerel, swordfish, grouper, marlin, orange roughy, snapper and halibut have some of the highestlevels of contamination and are best avoided, especially if you’re pregnant or planning a pregnancy.
For more information about mercury in fish, see the Mercury Policy Project’s website, “Mercury and Fish: The Facts.”5 They have a helpful guide you can print out for reference.6
A 2015 article in Investigate West also addressed this issue, and includes a guide to how many meals per week you can safely eat based on any given seafood’s contamination level.7

Wild-Caught Alaskan Salmon — Best of the Bunch    

When selecting fish, you need to weigh the health benefits against the risk of contamination. Mercury levels can vary more than 100-fold from one species to another, so by making wise choices, you can maximize benefits while minimizing risks. Here, wild-caught Alaskan and sockeye salmon stand out above the rest. They’re among the safest in terms of contamination, and among the highest in healthy omega-3 fat.
They’re also not allowed to be farmed, and are therefore always wild-caught. The risk of sockeye accumulating high amounts of mercury and other toxins is reduced because of its short life cycle, which is only about three years. Additionally, bioaccumulation of toxins is also reduced by the fact that it doesn't feed on other, already contaminated, fish. The two designations you want to look for on the label are:
  • Alaskan salmon (or wild Alaskan salmon). Canned salmon labeled "Alaskan salmon" is a less expensive alternative to salmon fillets
  • Sockeye salmon 

As a General Rule, the Smaller the Better

As a general rule, the closer to the bottom of the food chain the fish is, the less contamination it will have accumulated, so other safer choices include sardines, anchovies, mackerel and herring. Like salmon, all of these are also high in healthy fats and omega-3s.
They’re also far less prone to fraud than other fish, in part because they’re less popular and therefore less expensive, and in part because they’re packed whole. You cannot chop up another fish to make it look like a sardine. Olmsted recommends canned seafood from Spain, which is known for the high quality of their canned seafood. Just be sure to avoid fish packed in olive oil, as the oil will undoubtedly be the cheapest possible. Opt for those packed in water instead.

Summary of Seafood to Eat More of

To recap, there are several types of fish that can provide you with valuable nutrients, including healthy fats and omega-3s, while being low in contaminants such as mercury, PCBs and other toxins. I personally have a can of sardines most days of the week and frequently include anchovies. Other top choices include:
  • Wild-caught Alaskan salmon (canned or fresh) and sockeye salmon
  • Mackerel
  • Herring

How to Avoid Being Defrauded When Buying Seafood

To avoid being defrauded when buying seafood, your best bet is to buy your fish from a trusted local fish monger. When buying seafood from grocery stores or generic big box retailers, look for third party labels that verify quality:
  • The best known one is the Marine Stewardship Council (their logo features the letters MSC and a blue check mark in the shape of a fish).
  • I don’t recommend eating farmed fish, but if you choose to do so, look for the Global Aquaculture Alliance Best Practices symbol.
  • Alaska does not permit aquaculture, so all Alaskan fish is wild caught. They have some of the cleanest water and some of the best maintained and most sustainable fisheries. To verify authenticity, look for the state of Alaska’s “Wild Alaska Pure” logo. This is one of the more reliable ones, and it’s a particularly good sign to look for if you’re buying canned Alaskan salmon, which is less expensive than salmon steaks.

When Buying Shrimp, Look for These Labels

While I do not recommend it, if you do decide to buy farmed shrimp, look for certifications by NaturLand, Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC), or Whole Foods Market’s Responsibly Farmed label. These groups certify that the shrimp has been raised according to aquaculture guidelines that protect the environment and prohibits the use of antibiotics.
If you’re buying wild-caughtshrimp, opt for shrimp that has been responsibly harvested. Look for MSC certified products.8 This certification assures that every component of the manufacturing process — from how the raw materials are harvested to how the product is manufactured — has been scrutinized by MSC and has been independently audited to ensure it meets sustainable standards.

Sustainability Matters

Last but not least, opt for sustainably harvested wild-caught fish. Seafood Watch, which is part of the Monterey Bay Aquarium, offers a sustainability guide9 and Sustainable Seafood app10 for your smartphone. Labels that indicate more sustainable seafood products include:
  • Whole Foods Market Responsibly Farmed 3rd Party certification.
  • Fishwise: identifies how the fish was caught, where it came from and whether the fish is sustainable or environmentally threatened.
  • Seafood Safe: involves independent testing of fish for contaminants, including mercury and PCBs, and recommendations for consumption based upon the findings.[+] Sources and References